Agri-News

Republican Healthcare Proposal to Cost Farmers and Rural Communities

IATP-2 - Wed, 03/22/2017 - 11:06

The assessments of the new healthcare proposal to replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA) from House Republicans and the Trump Administration are rolling in. And they are not good, particularly for farmers and rural Americans. After a firestorm of criticism, Republican lawmakers have made some minor revisions to the initial proposal, but none address the plans’ core weaknesses. The bill is slated to be voted on by the House of Representatives on Thursday.

Health care has long been a major challenge for farm families, with many spouses forced to get off-farm jobs largely to gain access to health care. In an article on the Daily Yonder, Missouri farmer Darvin Bentlage described a common situation for farm families after he suffered a series of health problems without health insurance. “I had to go back and refinance the farm,” he said. “By the time the two years was up, I had run up between $70,000 and $100,000 in hospital bills.”

IATP author(s):  Ben Lilliston Feature Image:  Flickr/CC credit:  Jeremy Vohwinkle

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Categories: Agri-News

Trump’s proposed budget hits farmers and rural communities hard

IATP-2 - Sat, 03/18/2017 - 19:49

President Trump’s proposed budget, released last week, includes massive cuts to the U.S. Department of Agriculture and a series of other programs important to rural communities. The budget sets benchmarks for major cuts across the board, while increasing defense spending and allocating $1.5 billion to start work on a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border. It is ultimately Congress’ responsibility to write and appropriate money for the nation’s budget, but President Trump’s budget proposal reflects a troubling development of not prioritizing or even understanding farmers and rural communities.

The proposed cuts to the USDA concern discretionary spending and are among the highest of any agency – a 21 percent proposed cut ($4.7 billion). The proposed cuts do not impact mandatory spending programs like farm commodity programs or the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP); details on mandatory programs will come in May. But the budget does hit programs with discretionary funding like rural development, research and international food aid. The agency heads will have some discretion to determine how the cuts will take place, but because Trump has been so slow to select a USDA Secretary (the last of his cabinet picks), and to get the required information to the Senate Agriculture Committee needed for confirmation hearings to proceed, there was no voice representing farmers or rural communities, many of whom supported Trump, in the writing of his budget.

IATP author(s):  Ben Lilliston Feature Image:  Flickr/CC credit:  croise

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Categories: Agri-News

Getting back to basics in Vina Del Mar

IATP-2 - Thu, 03/16/2017 - 16:11

As representatives from the Pacific Rim gathered in Vina Del Mar, Chile, this week, the United States was on the sidelines. The death of the US-driven Trans-Pacific Partnership should be a wakeup call that we are paying attention to globalization and demanding a trade regime that works for all people, not just multi-national corporations. Over two hundred of our organizations in 15 countries sent a letter to the negotiators in Chile, telling them that a way forward on trade must reject the principles on which TPP was based. Countries should look to Fair Trade for guidance, and even further to their own domestic policies, for a sustainable way to build the global economy.

The stakes could not be higher. The backlash to corporate led globalization has been sharply felt around the world as Nationalist leaders from Donald Trump to Rodrigo Duterte in the Philippines, and Narendra Modi in India have risen to power, while others in the EU and around the world are gaining prominence. In this era of growing nationalism, it is time for government trade officials to get back to basics. Instead of first asking how trade agreements can increase trade volumes, lower non-tariff barriers, or harmonize regulations, they should start with the question, “Will a trade agreement improve the quality of life for the people in my country?”

IATP author(s):  Josh Wise Author(s) (external):  Karen Hansen-Kuhn Feature Image:  Flickr/CC credit:  Hector Garcia Image caption: 

 Vina Del Mar, Chile

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Categories: Agri-News

Minnesota Farm to School bill attracts widespread support at the Capitol

IATP - Sun, 03/12/2017 - 13:07
IATP author(s):  Josh Wise File:  Farm to School Bill Release FINAL 03.13.pdf

Minnesota Farm to School bill attracts widespread support at the Capitol

03/13/2017

 

Contact:               Erin Mckee, emckee@iatp.org, 612-743-2561

                                Josh Wise, jwise@iatp.org, 952-818-5474 

ST. PAUL – Today, advocates will launch their campaign to pass a statewide Farm to School bill in Minnesota. The Farm to School Coalition includes, farmers’ organizations, school nutrition advocates public health advocates, and businesses, who are all hoping to build on successful efforts around the state that are good for farmers, good for kids, and good for the local economy.

HF2049/SF1657 were introduced with widespread bipartisan support and would incentivize schools to serve healthy local food to children and provide technical assistance to schools, farmers, and businesses that want to start or improve a farm to school program. The senate bill, chief-authored by Sen. Mike Goggin of Red Wing, is expected to be heard in the Senate Agriculture, Rural Development, and Housing Finance Committee, today at 3pm.

“Access to local markets is a critical component to farmers maintaining their livelihoods. Increasing the technical assistance available through a statewide Farm to School bill will help their businesses succeed,” says Rep. Deb Kiel of Crookston, the bill’s chief author in the House.

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禽何以堪?

IATP - Fri, 03/10/2017 - 01:47
Subtitle:  中国禽类生产的工业化 Language:  Chinese / 中文 Author(s) (external):  作者:皮辰东 张柔 莎拉·霍洛维茨(Sarah Horowitz) 编辑:谢法利·夏尔马(Shefali Sharma) 本·利利斯顿(Ben Lilliston) 译者:蒋亦凡 File:  Poultry_CN.pdf

全球工业化肉业集群:

理解中国的肉业革命

当中国企业双汇国际控股有限公司(Shuanghui International Holdings)宣布其收购史密斯菲尔德食品公司(Smithfield Foods)的意图的时候,它受到了美国国会和媒体的关注。由一家外国企业拥有一家美国巨型猪肉生产商,同时也是美国食物体系中一个重要角色,这种可能性在政府中引起了关于粮食安全(food security)和国家安全之间联系的辩论。这项收购,只是近年来全球工业化肉业集群日益加强的集中化进程的最新一个动作罢了,在该产业集群中,饲料生产、遗传学和育种的漫长供应链横跨全球,模糊了国家的边界。双汇最近将名字改为“万洲国际有限公司”(WH Group Limited)就彰显了这种全球化的品牌营造策略和业务覆盖范围。 

除了在美国的运作,全球化的肉类工业日渐与新兴经济体发生关联。中国和巴西现在不仅是巨大的农业生产国和消费国,它们还催生了一系列新的大型农业企业(agribusiness),塑造着全球肉业集群。两国政府已经拥抱了美国大型农业企业所推广的工厂化的肉制品生产模式。两者也正在接受西方的饮食习惯,增加肉食消费。

在2013年,美国是全球最大的牛肉进口国和猪肉出口国;巴西是最大的牛肉和禽类出口国。中国是世界上最大的猪肉生产和消费国,世界第二大禽类生产国,以及世界最大的大豆(用于动物饲料)进口国。巴西正在日益满足全球市场对肉制品的需求,同时美国和巴西在为中国的大豆市场展开竞争。在收购史密斯菲尔德之后,万洲国际成为了世界最大的猪肉生产商。巴西的JBS目前是世界最大的肉制品生产商。美国的泰森(Tyson)仍然是世界上最大的禽类企业之一,与JBS在禽类产业中开展收购竞赛。简言之,工业化的肉类生产、加工和消费已经着实成为一个全球化现象,具有全球性的后果。

总部在美国的企业,及其工业化动物生产模式,无疑是世界范围内工业化肉制品生产的兴起的主要催化剂。在过去的五十年中,美国的工业化肉制品生产充满了令人震惊之处。动物生产已经从一种分散的家庭农场模式转变为一种更加集中的体系,更少的企业在封闭空间进行大规模的动物生产。这些生产作业采用标准化的以增重为目的的饲料、遗传筛选和机械化的喂食和喂水。

六年前,皮尤基金会(Pew Foundation)资助的一个委员会调研了美国工业化肉制品生产情况。该委员会发布了一系列的建议,包括阶段性终止动物生产中的非治疗性抗生素使用、采用更严格的监管制度来管理废弃物、从集约化封闭养殖转变为更人道的对待方式、严格执行反垄断法,以及增加对替代性动物生产方法研究的财政资助。“如果不能解决这些问题,只会降低人们对动物饲养产业的信心,加剧环境破坏,危害公共健康,损害动物福利,并令农村社区前景黯淡”,该委员会如此总结道。

在美国的农业经济中,工业化肉业体系已经把几乎全部的独立禽类和猪肉生产者挤出了市场,与此同时,独立的牛肉生产者在重重困难中继续坚持。十三年前(2000年),IATP在《我们为企业猪付出的代价》(The Price We Pay for Corporate Hogs)中记录了美国猪肉生产的变迁。在30年的时间里(1950~1980),美国养猪场的数量减少了近80%,同时平均农场规模增加了六倍。到1990年,50%甚至更多农场主处于某种合同化生产的约束之下,四家企业(包括史密斯菲尔德)控制着20%的生产。在过去的十年中,这一进程只是更进一步加强了。到2007年,四家企业控制着66%的生产——美国农场主、消费者、环境和公共健康为之付出了沉重的代价。此外,工业化肉制品加工设施中的劳动条件被认为处于美国最危险之列。 

为了回应美国工业化肉制品生产的多种问题,全国各地的农村社区、农场主团体、环保和公共卫生组织在各条战线反对工业化肉业体系,并已经赢得了多场战役。但是虽然在过去四年间,美国的人均肉制品消费已经下降, 但是由于肉制品出口的增加,美国的肉制品产量持续上升。美国的经验中,有着显而易见的教训值得吸取。

就像很多农业商品一样,肉业不是本地的、地区性的或全国性的,它是全球性的。而那些从生产到饲料到加工和分销主导着这一产业的跨国公司则决心向全世界输出这种工业化的生产模式。这一产业又受到了贸易协定的协助,这些协定降低劳工安全、健康和环保标准,同时赋予跨国公司更大的法律优势来挑战国家的监管。

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Categories: Agri-News

中国的猪肉奇迹?

IATP - Fri, 03/10/2017 - 01:11
Subtitle:  中国猪肉产业的大型农企与发展 Language:  Chinese / 中文 Author(s) (external):  作者:谢敏怡(Mindi Schneider) 谢法利·夏尔马(Shefali Sharma) 译者:常天乐 File:  Pork_CN.pdf

全球工业化肉业集群: 

理解中国的肉业革命

当中国企业双汇国际控股有限公司(Shuanghui International Holdings)宣布其收购史密斯菲尔德食品公司(Smithfield Foods)的意图的时候,它受到了美国国会和媒体的关注。由一家外国企业拥有一家美国巨型猪肉生产商,同时也是美国食物体系中一个重要角色,这种可能性在政府中引起了关于粮食安全(food security)和国家安全之间联系的辩论。这项收购,只是近年来全球工业化肉业集群日益加强的集中化进程的最新一个动作罢了,在该产业集群中,饲料生产、遗传学和育种的漫长供应链横跨全球,模糊了国家的边界。双汇最近将名字改为“万洲国际有限公司”(WH Group Limited)就彰显了这种全球化的品牌营造策略和业务覆盖范围。 

除了在美国的运作,全球化的肉类工业日渐与新兴经济体发生关联。中国和巴西现在不仅是巨大的农业生产国和消费国,它们还催生了一系列新的大型农业企业(agribusiness), 塑造着全球肉业集群。两国政府已经拥抱了美国大型农业企业所推广的工厂化的肉制品生产模式。两者也正在接受西方的饮食习惯,增加肉食消费。

在2013年,美国是全球最大的牛肉进口国和猪肉出口国; 巴西是最大的牛肉和禽类出口国。中国是世界上最大的猪肉生产和消费国,世界第二大禽类生产国,以及世界最大的大豆(用于动物饲料)进口国。巴西正在日益满足全球市场对肉制品的需求,同时美国和巴西在为中国的大豆市场展开竞争。在收购史密斯菲尔德之后,万洲国际成为了世界最大的猪肉生产商。巴西的JBS目前是世界最大的肉制品生产商。美国的泰森(Tyson)仍然是世界上最大的禽类企业之一,与JBS在禽类产业中开展收购竞赛。简言之,工业化的肉类生产、加工和消费已经着实成为一个全球化现象,具有全球性的后果。

总部在美国的企业,及其工业化动物生产模式,无疑是世界范围内工业化肉制品生产的兴起的主要催化剂。在过去的五十年中,美国的工业化肉制品生产充满了令人震惊之处。动物生产已经从一种分散的家庭农场模式转变为一种更加集中的体系,更少的企业在封闭空间进行大规模的动物生产。这些生产作业采用标准化的以增重为目的的饲料、遗传筛选和机械化的喂食和喂水。

六年前,皮尤基金会(Pew Foundation)资助的一个委员会调研了美国工业化肉制品生产情况。该委员会发布了一系列的建议,包括阶段性终止动物生产中的非治疗性抗生素使用、采用更严格的监管制度来管理废弃物、从集约化封闭养殖转变为更人道的对待方式、严格执行反垄断法,以及增加对替代性动物生产方法研究的财政资助。“如果不能解决这些问题, 只会降低人们对动物饲养产业的信心,加剧环境破坏,危害公共健康,损害动物福利,并令农村社区前景黯淡”,该委员会如此总结道。

在美国的农业经济中,工业化肉业体系已经把几乎全部的独立禽类和猪肉生产者挤出了市场,与此同时,独立的牛肉生产者在重重困难中继续坚持。十三年前(2000年),IATP在《我们为企业猪付出的代价》(The Price We Pay for Corporate Hogs) 中记录了美国猪肉生产的变迁。在30年的时间里(1950~1980), 美国养猪场的数量减少了近80%,同时平均农场规模增加了六倍。到1990年,50%甚至更多农场主处于某种合同化生产的约束之下,四家企业(包括史密斯菲尔德)控制着20%的生产。在过去的十年中,这一进程只是更进一步加强了。到2007年,四家企业控制着66%的生产——美国农场主、消费者、环境和公共健康为之付出了沉重的代价。此外,工业化肉制品加工设施中的劳动条件被认为处于美国最危险之列。 

为了回应美国工业化肉制品生产的多种问题,全国各地的农村社区、农场主团体、环保和公共卫生组织在各条战线反对工业化肉业体系,并已经赢得了多场战役。但是虽然在过去四年间,美国的人均肉制品消费已经下降, 但是由于肉制品出口的增加,美国的肉制品产量持续上升。美国的经验中,有着显而易见的教训值得吸取。

就像很多农业商品一样,肉业不是本地的、地区性的或全国性的,它是全球性的。而那些从生产到饲料到加工和分销主导着这一产业的跨国公司则决心向全世界输出这种工业化的生产模式。这一产业又受到了贸易协定的协助,这些协定降低劳工安全、健康和环保标准,同时赋予跨国公司更大的法律优势来挑战国家的监管。

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Categories: Agri-News

饲料饥饿

IATP - Thu, 03/09/2017 - 17:08
Subtitle:  中国的工业化肉制品需求及其影响 Language:  Chinese / 中文 Author(s) (external):  作者:谢法利·夏尔马(Shefali Sharma) 译者:周晚晴 File:  Feed_CN.pdf

全球工业化肉业集群:

理解中国的肉业革命

饲料饥饿:中国的工业化肉制品需求及其影响

当中国企业双汇国际控股有限公司(Shuanghui International Holdings)宣布其收购史密斯菲尔德食品公司(Smithfield Foods)的意图的时候,它受到了美国国会和媒体的关注。由一家外国企业拥有一家美国巨型猪肉生产商,同时也是美国食物体系中一个重要角色,这种可能性在政府中引起了关于粮食安全(food security)和国家安全之间联系的辩论。这项收购,只是近年来全球工业化肉业集群日益加强的集中化进程的最新一个动作罢了,在该产业集群中,饲料生产、遗传学和育种的漫长供应链横跨全球,模糊了国家的边界。双汇最近将名字改为“万洲国际有限公司”(WH Group Limited)就彰显了这种全球化的品牌营造策略和业务覆盖范围。

除了在美国的运作,全球化的肉类工业日渐与新兴经济体发生关联。中国和巴西现在不仅是巨大的农业生产国和消费国,它们还催生了一系列新的大型农业企业(agribusiness),塑造着全球肉业集群。两国政府已经拥抱了美国大型农业企业所推广的工厂化的肉制品生产模式。两者也正在接受西方的饮食习惯,增加肉食消费。

在2013年,美国是全球最大的牛肉进口国和猪肉出口国;巴西是最大的牛肉和禽类出口国。中国是世界上最大的猪肉生产和消费国,世界第二大禽类生产国,以及世界最大的大豆(用于动物饲料)进口国。巴西正在日益满足全球市场对肉制品的需求,同时美国和巴西在为中国的大豆市场展开竞争。在收购史密斯菲尔德之后,万洲国际成为了世界最大的猪肉生产商。巴西的JBS目前是世界最大的肉制品生产商。美国的泰森(Tyson)仍然是世界上最大的禽类企业之一,与JBS在禽类产业中开展收购竞赛。简言之,工业化的肉类生产、加工和消费已经着实成为一个全球化现象,具有全球性的后果。

总部在美国的企业,及其工业化动物生产模式,无疑是世界范围内工业化肉制品生产的兴起的主要催化剂。在过去的五十年中,美国的工业化肉制品生产充满了令人震惊之处。动物生产已经从一种分散的家庭农场模式转变为一种更加集中的体系,更少的企业在封闭空间进行大规模的动物生产。这些生产作业采用标准化的以增重为目的的饲料、遗传筛选和机械化的喂食和喂水。

 

六年前,皮尤基金会(Pew Foundation)资助的一个委员会调研了美国工业化肉制品生产情况。该委员会发布了一系列的建议,包括阶段性终止动物生产中的非治疗性抗生素使用、采用更严格的监管制度来管理废弃物、从集约化封闭养殖转变为更人道的对待方式、严格执行反垄断法,以及增加对替代性动物生产方法研究的财政资助。“如果不能解决这些问题,只会降低人们对动物饲养产业的信心,加剧环境破坏,危害公共健康,损害动物福利,并令农村社区前景黯淡”,该委员会如此总结道。

在美国的农业经济中,工业化肉业体系已经把几乎全部的独立禽类和猪肉生产者挤出了市场,与此同时,独立的牛肉生产者在重重困难中继续坚持。十三年前(2000年),IATP在《我们为企业猪付出的代价》(The Price We Pay for Corporate Hogs)中记录了美国猪肉生产的变迁。在30年的时间里(1950~1980),美国养猪场的数量减少了近80%,同时平均农场规模增加了六倍。到1990年,50%甚至更多农场主处于某种合同化生产的约束之下,四家企业(包括史密斯菲尔德)控制着20%的生产。在过去的十年中,这一进程只是更进一步加强了。到2007年,四家企业控制着66%的生产——美国农场主、消费者、环境和公共健康为之付出了沉重的代价。此外,工业化肉制品加工设施中的劳动条件被认为处于美国最危险之列。

为了回应美国工业化肉制品生产的多种问题,全国各地的农村社区、农场主团体、环保和公共卫生组织在各条战线反对工业化肉业体系,并已经赢得了多场战役。但是虽然在过去四年间,美国的人均肉制品消费已经下降, 但是由于肉制品出口的增加,美国的肉制品产量持续上升。美国的经验中,有着显而易见的教训值得吸取。

就像很多农业商品一样,肉业不是本地的、地区性的或全国性的,它是全球性的。而那些从生产到饲料到加工和分销主导着这一产业的跨国公司则决心向全世界输出这种工业化的生产模式。这一产业又受到了贸易协定的协助,这些协定降低劳工安全、健康和环保标准,同时赋予跨国公司更大的法律优势来挑战国家的监管。

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Categories: Agri-News

乳业之困

IATP - Thu, 03/09/2017 - 16:32
Subtitle:  中国乳品产业的演变和未来趋势 Language:  Chinese / 中文 Author(s) (external):  作者:谢法利·夏尔马(Shefali Sharma) 张柔 译者:蒋亦凡 File:  Dairy_CN.pdf

当中国企业双汇国际控股有限公司(Shuanghui International Holdings)宣布其收购史密斯菲尔德食品公司(Smithfield Foods)的意图的时候,它受到了美国国会和媒体的关注。由一家外国企业拥有一家美国巨型猪肉生产商,同时也是美国食物体系中一个重要角色,这种可能性在政府中引起了关于粮食安全(food security)和国家安全之间联系的辩论。这项收购,只是近年来全球工业化肉业集群日益加强的集中化进程的最新一个动作罢了,在该产业集群中,饲料生产、遗传学和育种的漫长供应链横跨全球,模糊了国家的边界。双汇最近将名字改为“万洲国际有限公司”(WH Group Limited)就彰显了这种全球化的品牌营造策略和业务覆盖范围。

除了在美国的运作,全球化的肉类工业日渐与新兴经济体发生关联。中国和巴西现在不仅是巨大的农业生产国和消费国,它们还催生了一系列新的大型农业企业(agribusiness),塑造着全球肉业集群。两国政府已经拥抱了美国大型农业企业所推广的工厂化的肉制品生产模式。两者也正在接受西方的饮食习惯,增加肉食消费。

在2013年,美国是全球最大的牛肉进口国和猪肉出口国;巴西是最大的牛肉和禽类出口国。中国是世界上最大的猪肉生产和消费国,世界第二大禽类生产国,以及世界最大的大豆(用于动物饲料)进口国。巴西正在日益满足全球市场对肉制品的需求,同时美国和巴西在为中国的大豆市场展开竞争。在收购史密斯菲尔德之后,万洲国际成为了世界最大的猪肉生产商。巴西的JBS目前是世界最大的肉制品生产商。美国的泰森(Tyson)仍然是世界上最大的禽类企业之一,与JBS在禽类产业中开展收购竞赛。简言之,工业化的肉类生产、加工和消费已经着实成为一个全球化现象,具有全球性的后果。

总部在美国的企业,及其工业化动物生产模式,无疑是世界范围内工业化肉制品生产的兴起的主要催化剂。在过去的五十年中,美国的工业化肉制品生产充满了令人震惊之处。动物生产已经从一种分散的家庭农场模式转变为一种更加集中的体系,更少的企业在封闭空间进行大规模的动物生产。这些生产作业采用标准化的以增重为目的的饲料、遗传筛选和机械化的喂食和喂水。

六年前,皮尤基金会(Pew Foundation)资助的一个委员会调研了美国工业化肉制品生产情况。该委员会发布了一系列的建议,包括阶段性终止动物生产中的非治疗性抗生素使用、采用更严格的监管制度来管理废弃物、从集约化封闭养殖转变为更人道的对待方式、严格执行反垄断法,以及增加对替代性动物生产方法研究的财政资助。“如果不能解决这些问题,只会降低人们对动物饲养产业的信心,加剧环境破坏,危害公共健康,损害动物福利,并令农村社区前景黯淡”,该委员会如此总结道。

在美国的农业经济中,工业化肉业体系已经把几乎全部的独立禽类和猪肉生产者挤出了市场,与此同时,独立的牛肉生产者在重重困难中继续坚持。十三年前(2000年),IATP在《我们为企业猪付出的代价》(The Price We Pay for Corporate Hogs)中记录了美国猪肉生产的变迁。在30年的时间里(1950~1980),美国养猪场的数量减少了近80%,同时平均农场规模增加了六倍。到1990年,50%甚至更多农场主处于某种合同化生产的约束之下,四家企业(包括史密斯菲尔德)控制着20%的生产。在过去的十年中,这一进程只是更进一步加强了。到2007年,四家企业控制着66%的生产——美国农场主、消费者、环境和公共健康为之付出了沉重的代价。此外,工业化肉制品加工设施中的劳动条件被认为处于美国最危险之列。

为了回应美国工业化肉制品生产的多种问题,全国各地的农村社区、农场主团体、环保和公共卫生组织在各条战线反对工业化肉业体系,并已经赢得了多场战役。但是虽然在过去四年间,美国的人均肉制品消费已经下降, 但是由于肉制品出口的增加,美国的肉制品产量持续上升。美国的经验中,有着显而易见的教训值得吸取。

就像很多农业商品一样,肉业不是本地的、地区性的或全国性的,它是全球性的。而那些从生产到饲料到加工和分销主导着这一产业的跨国公司则决心向全世界输出这种工业化的生产模式。这一产业又受到了贸易协定的协助,这些协定降低劳工安全、健康和环保标准,同时赋予跨国公司更大的法律优势来挑战国家的监管。

Images and video Image: 

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Categories: Agri-News

China's dominance in the global meat market: the Chinese translation of the "Global Meat Complex"

IATP-2 - Thu, 03/09/2017 - 15:56

A few years ago, IATP published four reports on the Global Meat Complex: The China Series. Today, we are pleased to launch the Chinese translation of these reports to contribute to the ongoing debate within China about meat consumption. These reports illustrate China’s path to becoming one of the biggest producers of pork, poultry and dairy and the biggest importer of soy, which is critical for the mass production of food animals. These reports provide an overview of China’s production and trade of meat and feed grains and what these trends mean for China’s food security, its environmental quality and its agriculture. They address the emergence of transnational corporations and how this has dramatically changed the fundamental nature of meat production and trade. The series highlights the consequences of these changes on China’s environment and rural makeup as well as impacts on other parts of the world. 

In introducing the series, we write:

Aside from operating in the U.S., the global meat industry is increasingly interlinked with emerging economies. China and Brazil are now not only big agricultural producers and consumers but they have spawned a new set of agribusinesses that is shaping the global meat complex.

IATP author(s):  Shefali Sharma Feature Image: 

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Categories: Agri-News

Tell Norway's Ambassador to US to Stop the Killing of Whales

Animal Welfare Institute - Thu, 03/09/2017 - 13:25

Write to Kåre R. Aas, Norway's ambassador to the United States, to let him know that you are opposed to his country's continued killing of minke whales. Encourage him to support responsible whale watching instead. You can send a politely worded letter to the ambassador via AWI's Compassion Index by clicking here.

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Categories: Agri-News

Where's the Fair Trade? Another contradiction in Trump's administration

IATP-2 - Mon, 03/06/2017 - 23:16

Last week we highlighted the contradictions in the Trump administration’s stance on trade in our blog on Robert Lighthizer. The contradictions have only increased this week with the announcement that Andrew Quinn will be joining the National Economic Council. Quinn is a former Deputy US Trade Representative, and was a lead negotiator for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) since 2012. Trump bashed the TPP throughout the campaign and withdrew from the trade deal in his first week. 

Quinn is a career civil servant, having worked primarily in Southeast Asia, and was also instrumental in the passage and implementation of the Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS). How this appointment will gel with other members of the President’s administration, such as open China and free trade critic, Peter Navarro, remains to be seen, but the lack of a coherent trade ideology within the administration only makes the future more unpredictable for anyone looking for answers on trade, including the base who voted Trump in. Re-negotiating NAFTA within his first hundred days appears to be the first campaign promise Trump has broken – he has yet to notify Congress to  trigger the 90-day period prior to re-negotiation. 

IATP author(s):  Josh Wise

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Categories: Agri-News

Clean water: One of the first causalities of partisan attacks to roll back regulations

IATP-2 - Tue, 02/28/2017 - 14:43

Earlier last week it was reported that President Donald Trump is about to issue the next set of executive orders, this time targeting environmental safeguards for water and climate put in place in 2015. The water rule — formally titled the Clean Water Rule, but commonly known as Waters of the United States (WOTUS)—and the Clean Power Plan are two of the most comprehensive environmental rules issued by the Obama administration. The Clean Water Rule stipulates which water bodies are automatically covered under the Clean Water Act. Similarly, the Clean Power Plan was developed under the authorization of the Clean Air Act, which requires the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to take steps to reduce air pollution that harms the public's health. The Plan, for the very first time, provides carbon emission guidelines to existing power plants.

IATP author(s):  Shiney Varghese Feature Image:  Image caption: 

Photo courtesy of Wikipedia used under the Creative Commons license.

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Categories: Agri-News

USTR nomination highlights contradictions in Trump’s trade policy

IATP-2 - Fri, 02/24/2017 - 18:57

Trump’s trade policy is a series of contradictions wrapped in a mystery. While advancing a boldfaced pro-business agenda, promising to gut regulations and reduce public spending on healthcare and other social programs, he has also claimed to care about American workers and jobs losses caused by trade agreements like NAFTA that were specifically designed to reduce regulations. While his own businesses have included licensing deals for goods produced in developing countries known for poor labor standards, publicly he attacked U.S. companies that offshored jobs to lower costs and promised to rewrite the rules to somehow bring those vanished jobs back. He promises to negotiate better trade deals but is poisoning the political atmosphere for negotiations with xenophobic proposals such as building a wall and ordering to ban migrants. Exactly how his administration will reconcile all of those contradictions is a mystery, and there are real reasons for alarm over his lack of commitment to international human rights standards.

IATP author(s):  Karen Hansen-Kuhn Juliette Majot Feature Image:  Image caption: 

Photo courtesy of Wikipedia used under the Creative Commons license.

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Categories: Agri-News

Supporting science to advance the responsible development of nanotechnology

IATP-2 - Thu, 02/23/2017 - 21:40

In theory at least, federal nanotechnology programs during the first three years of the Trump administration will be guided by the “National Nanotechnology Initiative Strategic Plan,” (NNI) released on October 31, 2016. The 26 agencies coordinated under the NNI have spent at least $25 billion since 2001 in basic and applied research, in diagnostic and testing infrastructure and in prototype manufacturing to enable start-up firms—often originating in university research—to find investors for their products. The current applications of the atomic to molecular scale nanomaterials are expanding beyond cell phones, semi-conductors and other electronic equipment to nano-encapsulation and more targeted release of medicines and agricultural chemicals, to name just two classes of applications.

In the preface to the NNI Strategic Plan, Dr. John Holdren, President Obama’s chief science advisor wrote, “During this administration, nanotechnology research and development has evolved from a focus on foundational discoveries aimed at understanding and exploiting nanoscale phenomena, to an enabling technology. Revenue from the sale of nanotechnology-enabled products in the United States has grown more than six-fold from 2009 through 2016 and is projected to exceed $500 billion in 2016.” Such sales projections are likely to bedazzle the Trump administration. Regulation of these products on the basis of validated exposure data in humans and the environment was not accomplished during the Obama administration, notwithstanding the recognition of at least one NNI workshop that such data was necessary to ensure the safety of and sustainable markets for nanotechnology enabled products.

IATP author(s):  Dr. Steve Suppan Feature Image:  Flickr/CC credit:  brookhavenlab

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Categories: Agri-News